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ESOC GNSS Station at Malindi (MAL2)

An ESOC Navigation Support Office GNSS station participating in the IGS network

Location

The receiver is situated in the San Marco Telemetry Station, located in Malindi, Kenya.

History and evolution

The installation became operational on the 12th November 1995. The original monument hosting the initial station MALI was located in the centre of the station.

As the original monument’s sky view became blocked due to additional constructions and tree growth a new monument was constructed at the edge of the telemetry station and the station MAL2 was installed on July 2008.

Equipment

The first receiver was a MiniRogue SNR-8C using its internal frequency standard.

in October 1997 the receiver was upgraded to a TurboRogue SNR-12 RM.

In April 2001 the receiver was upgraded to an Ashtech Z-XII and an Ashtech chokering antenna was installed.

In July 2008 with the installation of MAL2 with a Javad Legacy receiver and an Ashtech chokering antenna

in April 2013 a Leica AR25.R4 antenna was installed.

In October 2013 a Septentrio Polarx4 receiver was installed.

The communication link has been based originally on a dial-up modem, later on a shared VSAT connection, on ESA permanent lines and currently on a reliable Internet connection from the San Marco station.

Photos

The MAL2 Antenna + Monument:

MAL2 antenna and monument

a front view of receiver a front view of the computer a close view of the antenna & monument

A series of pictures showing the horizon mask of the antenna (clock-wise)

Picture 1 North direction Picture 2 Picture 3 Picture 4 Picture 5 Picture 6 Picture 7 Picture 8 Picture 9 Picture 10